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A plant that has its origins in Asia Minor, the partner is a perennial grass which can measure up to 70cm in height.
Today, the partner grows in temperate regions from North America, Europe and South America.
In France, we find it on vacant lots, the edges of paths, in the rockeries or on the cultivated land.
Raised from the ashes, the partner resurfaced in the medical register in the late 1970s thanks to Dr Stewart Johnson (London Migraine Clinic) who successfully undertook a series ofclinical tests following strong migraines recurrent cases of a patient.
However, it was during the 1990s that its effectiveness was really proven in medicine.
Today, the World Health Organization and ECSCOP (European Scientific Cooperative on Herbal Medicine) recognize thepositive effect Partenelle sheets on the prevention of headache.
But, what are the properties and virtues of this plant? Does she have others impacts on the health ? Can we talk without hesitation about benefits ? What are they ? How to use it to get the most out of it?
Here's what you need to know ...
Partenelle: for the record ...
Etymologically, the name of this perennial herbaceous plantace comes from the word Latin « parthenium Which itself is derived from Greek « parthenion " which means "virginity ».
Belonging to the Asteraceae family (or compounds), the partner also called "feverfew", "Pyrethrum moss ”or « Golden pyrethrum ", is a medicinal plant having served in Greco-Latin Antiquity, before being taken up by European herbalists.
Usually grown in French gardens, the partner has an erect, almost smooth, branched and very leafy stem.
As for his leaves, they are downy and aromatics. Tube-shaped, they are colored yellow and white and, grouped in corymbs.
His fruit East dry, containing only one seed.
The flowering of this plant also ornamental, takes place from June to August.
Partner: virtues and health benefits
Used for over 2000 years, the feverfew whose leaves contain parthenolide is known to limit the frequency and severity of migraines.
Indeed, the properties of this easy-to-grow plant are known to prevent constriction of blood vessels of brain but also, for mitigate the muscle spasms which are at the origin of strong and frequent headaches.
This short-lived, undemanding perennial shrub also called "matricial chrysanthemum" is also indicated to treat toothaches, gastric disorders, amenorrhea, flatulence, hysteria, menstrual pain, asthma, insect bites or stings.
Indeed, the properties of the partnership are multiple. It will be noted among other things that this plant is a:
– anti-inflammatory thanks to the flavonoids and parthenolide it contains.
She also has :
- a protective effect on the vascular endothelial cells,
- the ability toprevent degranulation of granulocytes as well as the release of enzymes included in inflammatory processes.
The partner relieves migraine
> Uses and dosages
In herbal medicine, Those are the fresh leaves or dried of feverfew that are used.
For prevent migraines, we recommend:
- either the dried leaves (in capsules or whole). Dried, it is indicated to to chew 125 mg to 250 mg of leaves or, to take the equivalent amount in the form of capsules of dried leaf powder.
- either the fresh leaves (bitter and camphoric taste). In this case, chew two to three leaves of partner a day.
- either the capsules lyophilized leaves (standardized to 0.2% parthenolide) or tablets. About the dosage, take 125 mg to 250 mg per day.
However, consult the manufacturer's instructions.
NB : It takes 1 month to six weeks to feel the effects of feverfew. Whatever the case, we must not never exceed 1 month of treatment per year.
> Practical advice about the partnership
Nowadays, the partnership is sold as aEssential oil, of tisane, of tablets, or even capsules.
The use of the large chamomile is formally prohibited to the subjects allergic to the plants of the asteraceae family namely, dandelion, echinacea, daisy ...
Due to its positive effect on the hormonal system (triggering of menstruation), partner East contraindicated for pregnant women.
Good to know about the partnership
As side effects, Pyrethrum moss can (rarely) trigger mild digestive disorders.
In some subjects, it may be the cause ofmouth ulcers in case of continuous chewing.
NB : It should not be confused :
- the German chamomile partner. Indeed, the latter does not have the same properties against migraine and cannot, whatever the case, replace the golden pyrethrum.
- feverfew with small chamomile and even less, with Roman chamomile, although the latter 2 are also medicinal plants.
Today, there are other types of extracts, namely extracts with a high parthenolide content, or even tinctures ...
However, their effectiveness on health has not yet been proven in clinical trials.
Namely, the herbal teas in sachets on sale in health food stores named “chamomile” are in reality Little Chamomile.
If in doubt, do not hesitate to ask the opinion of your doctor.